In 1947 he started teaching at the University of Pittsburgh, where he developed the polio vaccine. Charles Horace Mayo (1865 – 1939) One of the most famous American doctors, Charles Mayo was one of the founders of the world’s most famous medical clinic; Mayo Clinics. After many years of observing discipline enforced on kids and child rearing, Dr. Spock’s theory that parents should be more affectionate towards their children and treat them like responsible people were path breaking, no matter how simple and obvious this process seems today. Elizabeth Blackwell (1821 – 1910) The first female doctor of the United States, Miss Blackwell was the first openly identified woman to graduate medical school. With their consistent efforts, they also ensured that every human in this world gets the best medical facilities and retains optimum health. Al-Rāzī, in full Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī, Latin Rhazes, (born c. 854, Rayy, Persia [now in Iran]—died 925/935, Rayy), celebrated alchemist and Muslim philosopher who is also considered to have been the greatest physician of the Islamic world. He was a pioneer of antiseptic procedures, that is, of preventing damaged tissues form getting infected or rotting. He is credited as the discoverer of the smallpox vaccine which proved to be the first successful prevention against a fatal disease, and still remains the only effective measure against smallpox. It was here that Eijkman accidentally discovered the true nature of beriberi. As a result today the world has become a better place to live, and most nations have successfully eradicated diseases like smallpox and rinderpest, and are on the mission to eliminate more dreaded diseases like polio and malaria, thereby increasing the lifespan of the common man. Laennec also developed an understanding of peritonitis and cirrhosis and coined the term melanoma. Famous Doctor of Ancient Greece Hippocrates. Asclepius: History Of The Greek God Of Medicine, Avicenna (Ibn Sina): Biography And The Canon Of Medicine, MÃ©dicos famosos: los 9 doctores mÃ¡s cÃ©lebres de la historia, Tryptophan: Definition, Uses And Tryptophan Foods, Thyroid: Definition And Endocrine Diseases. His research work was prolific and has laid the foundation for modern … The article below will present some of the leading figures in medicine throughout the history of mankind, from Hippocrates or Merit-Ptah (a great doctor of ancient Egypt) to Virginia Apgar, one of the most important doctors of the 20th century. One of the most exceptional people in the world, he was the first individual to study and describe the symptoms of pneumonia and epilepsy in kids. Paracelsus (1493 – 1541) One of the most important figures in the history of medicine, Paracelsus was a German polymath who made remarkable contributions in the field of science and is credited for naming zinc, calling it zincum. After decades of research, it was Dr. Lister who advocated the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic, thereby pioneering the concept of aseptic surgery. With the help of Dr. Helen B. Taussig and Vivien, he developed the ‘Blalock-Taussig’ shunt that would prove helpful to infants suffering from Blue-Baby Syndrome. Avicenna, as he is known in the West, was a prolific author. This volume is the first medical treatise written by a woman which is documented. Sir Magdi Habib Yacoub (1935) A master of the Ross procedure and currently serving as the Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Imperial College London, Dr. Yacoub is one of the most important figures in the world of cardiac conditions. He soon became a lecturer of anatomy at St. George’s hospital and published his globally acclaimed work at the age of 31. These clinics were run and divided between surgeons and midwives and it was observed that the surgeons section had a death rate 3 times higher than the midwives clinic. Louis Pasteur is one of the best doctors in the world. Next, you will find a list of the 9 most famous doctors (men and women) who have lived in different civilizations of the world. Charles Horace Mayo (1865 – 1939) One of the most famous American doctors, Charles Mayo was one of the founders of the world’s most famous medical clinic; Mayo Clinics. In addition to this discovery, his research on bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy is considered nothing less than a miracle. But this technique wasn’t helpful in the case of obese patients. James Parkinson (1755 – 1824) Though James Parkinson was active and highly interested in geology, paleontology and politics, its his contributions in the medical field that have made him a public figure. Dr. Gray practiced and learned anatomy mostly on corpses and was awarded a Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS) at 25. In fact, at present, it is known that he wrote more than 450 works, of which only 40 deal with medicine. William Mayo began his medical career at a young age under the guidance of his father, who also was a noted surgeon. The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2017. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. It suggests that this physician of ancient times was a teacher and supervisor of other doctors, as well as the physician of the pharaoh. He immediately alerted the WHO and Vietnamese government and effective measures were taken to control the spread. Carlos Chagas (1879 – 1934) One of the most brilliant minds of his time, Carlos Chagas is credited for discovering Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis which is prevalent in Latin America. Blalock started working on the nature and treatment of hemorrhagic and traumatic shock and observed that they usually occur due to severe loss of blood from the system. RenÃ©-ThÃ©ophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781 – 1826) RenÃ© Laennec is most famous for the invention of the stethoscope in 1816. in 1933 and started working at Columbia University where he was the first African-American to earn a Doctor of Medical Science degree. After this respectable discovery, he was appointed the Chief of Surgery at John Hopkins and there Blalock and his trusted technician Vivien Thomas invented a new surgical mechanism to bypass the Aorta. Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos; c. 460 – c. 370 BC), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), who is considered one of the most outstanding … This treatment was known as pancreaticoduodenectomy or Whipple’s Procedure. Charles Best (1899 – 1978) An American-Canadian scientist best remembered as the co-founder of insulin with Dr. Fredrick Banting. Although the patient died after 18 days due to pneumonia complications, Barnard’s achievement was hailed as an important landmark in the field of medicine. Thomas Hodgkin (1798 – 1866) Considered to be one of the most prominent pathologists of his time, Thomas Hodgkin is best known for the discovery of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. He is also credited for developing the Whipple’s triad for diagnosing insulinoma. Also known as the ‘Father of Toxicology’, he was the first one to differentiate between toxic and non-toxic elements in human surroundings. Famous biography website is the leading website about famous Doctors biography. Frederick Banting (1891 – 1941) This name is in the prayers of almost anyone who knows about diabetes. Let's take a look at some famous American doctors who've carved a name in history for themselves. After completing his medical degree from WÃ¼rzburg University, Alois began assisting mental patients and later started working at a mental asylum in Frankfurt am Main. The English surgeon Joseph Lister was another famous doctor of the 19th century. Namely, Lister introduced the use of phenol or carbolic acid as an antiseptic to sterilise surgical instruments and clean wounds. After realizing the shortcomings of the previous experiments, Banting with the cooperation of Dr. Charles Best devised a successful procedure of extracting insulin from the pancreas, thereby discovering a method of controlling the sugar levels in diabetic people. Dr. Wilson is also globally recognized for his contributions in the field of epilepsy, narcolepsy, speech disorders and apraxia. What we do have is contradictory, in part because some of the facts have apparently been changed in-universe (see Unnatural History , particularly pages 168-171, for more details). Beside famous Doctors biography, we also have a lot of biography of famous people in our database. Minot and Murphy also played an important role in the discovery of ‘Fraction G’ (pure liver extracts) which could be injected or administered orally to patients. Norman Bethune (1890 – 1939) A Canadian physician who dedicated his entire career for the welfare of humanity. A pioneer in acquiring equal rights for women in the field of education, she was also a well-respected social and moral reformer in England and the US. He also introduced the concept of audits, and the publishing of good and bad results to have an honest discussion on the condition’s diagnosis. George Richards Minot (1885 – 1950) George Richards Minot is one of the brilliant physicians who shared the Noble Prize in medicine with William P. Murphy and George Hoyt Whipple for discovering the treatment of pernicious anemia or PA. Born into a medical family, he was interested in medicine from an early age and was particularly curious about blood disorders. A doctor by profession, Ron Paul served in the U.S. Air Force as a flight surgeon from 1963 to 1968. He pioneered the usage of chemical elements and minerals in medicine. He first described Down syndrome as a mental illness in 1862 and published a detailed report in 1866 titled, “Observations on the Ethnic Classification of Idiots”. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. 94% A famous real or fictional doctor for Windows phone is not yet available. Would you like to write for us? Hippocrates: Life, Contributions And The Hippocratic Oath. Note: some of the answers may differ from device you use or from the version of the game you have on your phone. He was a great believer in hypnosis and often used it to treat mentally-ill patients. It occurred due to an unstable diet and a deficiency of vitamin B1. Carl Wood (1929 – 2011) Dr. Wood was a renowned Australian gynecologist known for developing and commercializing the IVF or (In-Vitro Fertilization) technique. Life all around the globe one of the chest and lungs one to and. History, Elizabeth Blackwell is a period of his life and career inspired the 2012 film Ron Paul served the! Book “ Baby and Child Care ” is one of the world by... Period of his life and career inspired the 2012 film Ron Paul in! 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